For the Chinese, the Chinese New Year is the greatest celebration of the year. Because the Chinese follow the lunar calendar, the Chinese New Year falls sometime in January or February, and not on January 1st as we would recognize it. For 2013, the Chinese New Year is on February 10th. It marks the coming of spring even though many parts of China are still VERY cold at that time. Their actions and intentions all hold great significance in welcoming prosperity, happiness, and good fortune for the year ahead.
The Chinese New Year holds many special traditions. One of those is the red envelope. Unlike our Christmas where we exchange various gifts, the Chinese give money. You don't see people flocking to the stores for their Chinese New Year shopping... only to purchase a new outfit. New clothing is always worn for Chinese New Year as an important symbol for starting anew. Even the children are given gifts of money in the Chinese New Year rather than toys. This money is ALWAYS given in a red envelope with gold lettering.
This is a red envelope that would be given to a child. The children's envelopes will sometimes include cartoon characters, such as this one. For the Chinese New Year, it is also common for people to keep a pocket with these envelopes containing money to give to children they might pass during the day.
The money placed inside is also very significant! You only place nice, crisp bills inside and never coins. You would never include a value with a '4', such as $40, or $140, because in Chinese the pronunciation of '4' is the same as the pronunciation (homophone) of 'death'. For the same reason, '6' is good for business, and '8' is the best of all. An '8' in Chinese sounds like the word 'prosper', and '88' means 'double happiness'. A gift of $88 would be much more appreciated than a gift of $100, because of the meaning behind it!
So I've put together a simple little tutorial so you can make your own red envelope in celebration of the coming Chinese New Year!
- Red Paper
- Gold Pen, or Gold Glitter Glue, or Glue and Gold Glitter
- Exacto Knife
1. Measure your bill! I just happen to have a purse full of Chinese Yuan, but you likely do not... so I am not giving you my measurements. Add 1/4" to your length and width measurements.
2. Draw your envelope template using your measurements. See my image below...
I used a cup to trace the rounded edges for the flaps.
And here is the envelope cut out...
3. Fold and glue! Fold along the dotted lines as shown in the template image in Step 2.
Add your glue to the top of the small side flap and the bottom flap so you can form your envelope by gluing the back flap into place.
Once you've got the envelope formed, make sure your money fits inside!
4. Make the closure.
Fold the back flap down and use a pencil to draw where the flap ends on the back of the envelope, like in the image below.
Open the flap and draw a semicircle up from the line you drew. This is the line you will use an exacto knife to carefully cut to form a flap to close your envelope.
We tucked the corner of a cutting board into the end of the envelope so we didn't cut through to the front of our envelope. Carefully cut along the semi-circle.
Erase your pencil markings, and test out the closure. You should be able to secure the top flap closed by tucking it into your cut semi-circle like you see below.
5. Add Some Good Luck!
All red envelopes have gold lettering wishing happiness, luck, or prosperity for the recipient. The fish is a very important symbol for the Chinese New Year because it is also a homophone for the word 'wealth' in Chinese. Red is always used because it also represents good luck.
I asked my Ayi what is common to find written on red envelopes for the Chinese New Year. She gave me this. The first two characters mean 'year, year' and repeated mean 'every year', the third means 'to have', and the last means 'wealth'... or in the case of the character below, 'gold'. The last character that I have drawn on my envelope is the one my ayi gave me... close to the one below, but not exactly. The character drawn last on my envelope is a homophone for 'fish' but means 'wealth'.
I wrote these in pencil on the envelope and drew a picture of a fish to then cover with gold glitter.
To finish the envelope, I traced my lines with white glue and sprinkled with glitter. If you have gold glitter glue or a gold pen, these would work great here. I didn't have either on hand. This was a little more tricky to make look nice, but it works. :)
Here is the finished envelope! Ready to fill with money and pass onto someone special for the Chinese New Year!
Wishing you Happiness and Prosperity in the New Year!